Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Liver Cancer is a malignancy of the liver in which is also called the Hepatocellular carcinoma. This happens to be the most occurring forms of malignancies on the planet and tends to be fatal in many cases (about 90% of them). Being a malignancy of a regenerating organ, this form of cancer has the ability of rapid increase.

Causes of Liver Cancer

Causes of this disease are as follows:

  1. Presence of Hepatitis B
  2. Cirrhosis (scarring of liver)
  3. Alcohol related liver issues
  4. Steroids
  5. Contraceptive pills
  6. Hemochromastasis

Symptoms of Liver Cancer

The symptoms come out a bit later and when they appear, they are:

  1. Critical pain in the abdominal region,
  2. There is no feeling of hunger
  3. Weight losses without any rhyme or reason.
  4. Cachexia (wasting)
  5. Feet abdomen or legs swell.
  6. Jaundice like symptoms and
  7. Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal region.

Diagnosis of Liver Cancer

The diagnosis of this particular form of cancer includes the following:

  1. Blood test to see elevated levels of AFP or DGCP
  2. CT scan or MRI scans to analyze the presence or size of the tumour.
  3. Biopsy of the liver to confirm the presence of cancer.

Treatment of Liver Cancer

The treatment of this particular disease include the conventional methods to deal with cancer

  1. Local ablation in which either the radiofrequency or ethanol is used to kill the cancer cells.
  2. Surgical options to remove the tumour.
  3. Liver transplantation for acute cases.
  4. Chemotherapy which is drug administration to halt the growth of cancer cells.
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