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Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

When HCV virus infects the body, the liver disease called hepatitis C comes up. IN terms of infection, this disease has both acute and chronic form. To that end, the severity and he symptomatic affects of the disease range from mild illness to long time treatment. When the cases become a lot more critical, the resultant symptoms can even be liver cirrhosis (liver scarring) and even liver cancer.

Causes of Hepatitis C

The causes of hepatitis C involve the following way of spreading:

  1. Exposure to infected blood
  2. Exposure to unsterilized injections.
  3. Transfusion of blood unscreened for the presence of the virus.
  4. Sexual transmission.
  5. From mother to an infant.

Symptoms of Hepatitis C

During the initial stage, the disease does not show any symptoms. However a certain period, the following symptoms start to show up.

  1. You would feel nauseated and fatigues at times.
  2. You would feel pain and discomfort in the abdomen.
  3. The stool becomes grey coloured
  4. The urine becomes dark
  5. Body and eyes starts to show the symptoms of jaundice.

Diagnosis of Hepatitis C

The diagnosis of the disease involves the following:

  1. Serological tests:

The serological tests of the disease involve checking the presence of antibodies that come up to counter the effects of HCV. If the body shows the presence of the same, blood tests are done to check the presence of HCV Ribonucleic acid.

  1. Checking the damage to the liver:

For the cases where the infection of HCV is chronic, the liver is checked to see the amount of damage that has already been done. The intensity of the damage becomes the foundational deciding factor from where the  

Treatment of the Hepatitis C

The treatment for this particular infection always entails checking the symptoms and devising a way to curb those symptoms. To that end, the following ways of prevention are also considered treatments

  1. Prevention of alcohol
  2. Prevention of drugs that can cause liver inflammation.

The drug treatments are:

  1. Antiviral drugs help incurring most forms of HVC infection.
  2. However, if the cirrhosis has developed to a large extent, liver transplant becomes the most viable option.
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