Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B Treatment in India: Causes, Signs and Diagnosis

Hepatitis B is a condition that has encompassed more than 350 million people across the globe. It is a detrimental condition that is caused due to the virus called “hepatitis B” (HBV). Furthermore, this disease can give rise to other liver related diseases such as Cirrhosis and liver cancer. To that end, the risk of mortality due to this particular infectious disease is specifically high.

Causes of Hepatitis B

The main transferral agents of hepatitis B are the following:

  1. Bodily fluids that include blood and semen.
  2. Unsafe sexual intercourse.
  3. Pregnant women can transfer the disease on to their off-springs.

Symptoms of Hepatitis B

The symptoms of Hepatitis B include the following:

  1. Fatigue, nausea accompanied by occasional and episodic bouts of vomiting.
  2. Painful sensation in the abdomen especially beneath the right ribs.
  3. The bowel moments are of clay colour.
  4. The urine has a certain dark coloration.
  5. Jaundice like symptoms where your skin and eyes turn yellow.
  6. Acute liver failure.

Furthermore, the risk of this disease in infant and children is a lot more than the adults.

  1. 80 to 90 % of children dealing with HBV develop chronic infections during the first year compared to adults with 5 % of them developing chronic infections.

Diagnosis of Hepatitis B

Clinically, it is impossible to determine hepatitis B from any other variant of this virus. However, there are some scrutinized tests developed to sort acute Hep B infection and Chronic Hep B infection:

  • Diagnosis of acute HBV:
    • Presence of lgM and HBsAG antibodies are indicative of acute HBV infection.
    • HBeAG: the antigen of HBV is also indicative of the same. However, the amount also indicates as to whether the bodily fluids are contagious or not.
  • Diagnosis of chronic HBV:
    • Presence of HBsAG in the body or the time span of at least 6 months.
    • If the presence is for a longer time span, the condition might be more acute and can develop into a full blown liver failure.

Treatment of Hepatitis B

Treatment of HBV involves the following procedures:

  1. Drug administration: Drugs are injected into the patient to reduce the levels of HBV DNA
  2. Oral antiviral agents like lamivudine, adefovir, tenofovir, and entacavir are provided to the patient to slow the progress of cirrhosis (liver scarring)
  3. Treatments to reduce the possibility of liver cancer.
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