Alcoholic Liver Disease- Stages and Treatment in India
The liver is one of the most crucial organs performing the functions of filtering toxins from the blood, aiding in the digestion of food, regulating blood sugar and cholesterol levels and helping fight infection and disease. The liver has the power to regenerate itself that makes it a very resistant organ. Every time we consume alcohol some cells in the liver die in the process of filtering it. After some time these cells regenerate on their own. However, the long-lasting alcohol abuse can reduce the ability of the liver and damage it permanently. Alcoholic liver diseases are basically the condition that develops due to excessive consumption of alcohol. In this article, we will take a look at the various stages and the alcoholic liver diseases treatment methods.
Stages and the treatment required at that stage
There are mainly four stages of liver conditions depending upon the severity of the alcoholic liver diseases the person is suffering from. Further, the choice of treatment depends upon the stage of the disease and the damage to the liver. Below we have outlined all of these stages of alcoholic liver diseases and their treatment -
Alcoholic fatty liver disease
When a person drinks the large volume of alcohol it can cause fatty acids to collect in the liver. This is the initial stage of the disease thus it can occur even after the heavy drinking over even less than a week. At this stage, the patient usually does not find experience any symptoms.
Treatment- This is just the first stage of this condition thus only abstaining from alcohol from this point onward can make this condition reversible.
Also Read: Fatty liver treatment in India
If after the fatty liver also the person continues to consume alcohol it will lead to ongoing liver inflammation. This inflammation and swelling in the liver are generally termed as hepatitis. A person will reach this stage only after the years of heavy drinking.
Treatment- Not consuming alcohol on a long-term basis can help in making alcoholic hepatitis usually reversible.
It is a condition in which the build of certain kind of proteins occurs in the liver. This stage can range from Mild-to-moderate. However, if along with inflammation it remains unaddressed for a longer period of time it can lead to liver cancer.
Treatment- At this stage, the patient may require the medications like Corticosteroids or pentoxifylline may be used for reducing inflammation and will be required to make certain lifestyle changes along with avoiding alcohol.
This is the last stage for the alcohol liver disease. This condition occurs when the liver has been inflamed for a long time, leading to scarring and loss of function. Mostly this condition turns out to be life-threatening for the patient.
Treatment- This is one of the most crucial alcohol liver cancer stages. Thus, the treatment methods to be used in this case are also severe. It is not practically possible to reverse this condition however the further damage can be prevented by avoiding alcohol. Usually, till this condition, the severe damage to the liver has already occurred thus liver transplant becomes the sole treatment option.
To sum up we can say that it is wise to limit the alcohol consumption in order to protect yourself from a life-threatening condition. However, if you are already experiencing the symptoms of liver condition don’t wait to connect with the best hepatologist in India.